BOTRYOSPHAERIA KANGRENİ: TÜRKİYE BAĞLARI İÇİN YENİ BİR HASTALIK

Davut Soner AKGÜL

Özet


Son yıllarda Türkiye bağlarında sürgünlerde geriye ölüm, gözlerde nekrozlaşma, yapraklarda lekelenmeler, odun dokuda renk bozulmaları ve asmada lokal ya da tümden kuruma belirtileri dramatik bir şekilde artmıştır. Standart mikolojik analizlerde, hastalık etmeni organizmalardan çoğunun Botryosphaeriaceae funguslarına mensup oldukları ortaya çıkarılmıştır. Bu familyadan bugüne kadar dünya çapında en az 21 türün asmada major patojenlerden olduğu rapor edilmiş olup 4 tür ise ilk kez bu yıl Türkiye’de kaydedilmiştir. Botryosphaeriaceae familyası funguslar tek veya çok yıllık geniş bir konukçu dizisine sahiptirler. Kozmopolit bir dağılıma sahip olan bu türler şimdiye kadar fırsatçı, sekonder veya latent patojenler olarak tanınmaktadırlar. Bu derlemede asmadaki Botryosphaeriaceae fungusları hakkında genel bilgiler sunulmaktadır.


Anahtar Kelimeler


Botryosphaeriaceae; fungus; kangren

Referanslar


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